Mr. Daniel Hoskins stands before guns deposited at the Gregg County Courthouse in Longview, Texas, on July 13, 1919, following a “Red Summer” race riot.
In response to the months of intense national race riots known as 1919’s “Red Summer,” Claude McKay publishes “If We Must Die,” a poem urging Black people to fight back against the violence directed at them.
Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack,
Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!
“If We Must Die"
Claude McKay, 1919